In the past decade, the construction world has seen a paradigm shift with the arrival of BIM and its acceptance by innovators early adopters. Building Information Modeling, shortened to BIM, is all about information rich models for all stages of a building’s construction. It has changed not just the buildings we create, but the entire process of creation. Created around the concept of lean design, BIM reduces wastage of time and resources, upping the efficiency of processes.
The factors that make BIM such an efficient approach are that it opens up communication channels across the board of all disciplines involved in the creation of a building, and by bringing together the graphical and non-graphical data about a building into one model, it allows for everyone to see the issues and challenges and address them even before the actual construction has begun. Clarity in communication leads to better understanding across various components of design.
BIM’s efficiency has far reaching impact, and that is the reason that the UK government has even set up a BIM Task Group, with a mandate for using Level 2 BIM on all public sector projects (as per a report in the NBS).
A building is designed keeping in mind, not just its outer form, but also how architectural, structural and MEP elements interact within its ecosystem, and more importantly, how it will be used. BIM’s inclusivity makes multidisciplinary design possible, ensuring that collaboration across teams is smooth.
What makes BIM work?
In an interview with Autodesk, RLF’s BIM Coordinator, Damian Serrano says, “Everyone – contractors, architects, interior designers, and engineers – needs to be able to align their vision for the end result in almost real time. I don’t know how you could do that without BIM.”
It appears now that BIM is the most logical thing to have happened to building design, as it effectively minimizes the gap between the design and the actual construction. Its documentation of information, intelligent analyses take into account how the building would be used and helps in creation of structures that are sustainable.
When the design is communicated to team members in the form of project handovers, 3D representations make it easy to understand the design and implement processes accordingly. Chiefly, the stakeholders who may not be able to read the elaborate and intricate 2D blue prints, can now understand the design through 3D visualization. Thus, you pass your confidence on to the client as well.
Taking Design From Concept to Realization
BIM is not limited to the way buildings are designed. Its use extends to quantity take offs, cost estimations, construction activity scheduling over and above developing designs that are sustainable; post this, it extends support to facility managers for maintenance and repair of a building.
This wholesome approach allows architects, engineers, contractors, subcontractors, fabricators and developers work in collaboration and translate the design from concept to reality exactly as planned.